Wednesday, June 1, 2011

Outburst of 174P/Echeclus

After reading on the [Comets-ml] forum about a possible outburst of centaur 174P/Echeclus, we performed some follow-up remotely, from the Tzec Maun Observatory (near Moorook, Australia) through a 0.15-m, f/7.3 refractor + CCD. Stacking of 7 unfiltered exposures 300 sec each, show the presence of a sharp central condensation having R magnitude about 18. We noticed also the presence of a jet-like feature nearly 6-arcsec long, emanating from the central condensation toward PA 60. A faint, spiral-like coma, having a total magnitude of about 16 and a diameter of 40-arcsec, surrounds the central condensation, resembling much comet 29P during the early phase of one of its recurrent outbursts.

Our June 01, 2011 image (click for a bigger version):

Centaurs, defined to have their perihelion outside of Jupiter (5.2 AU) and semimajor axis inside of Neptune (30.0 AU), have unstable orbits and have been extracted from the transneptunian objects (TNOs) population through perturbations by Neptune. So far only a few Centaurs have presented unambiguous evidence of cometary activity. The first Centaur known to present cometary activity was Chiron.

Echeclus was discovered by the Spacewatch program on March 3, 2000 (Marsden 2000) and initially labelled (60558) 2000 EC98. The presence of coma around (60558) 2000 EC98 was first detected by Choi and Weissman (2006) on 2005 December 30.50 UT with the Palomar 5m telescope. Soon after, the object was given the periodic comet designation 174P/Echeclus.

Below you can see some of our images dated back to 2006 when the coma was first discovered by Choi & Weissman:

March 2006

April 2006

By Giovanni Sostero & Ernesto Guido

1 comment:

Kevin Heider said...

Comet 174P Echeclus chased by Asteroid 2716 Tuulikki
(Animation by Joseph Brimacombe on 30 May 2011)

On May 30th, 2011:
Asteroid 2716 Tuulikki (1939 TM) was 1.52AU from Earth
174P/Echeclus was 7.51AU from Earth (8.5AU from the Sun)

Thank you guys for keeping an eye on the centaurs.

-- Kevin Heider